## Casino Games- Gambling is an Exercise For Your Mind

The example of Blaise Pascal, the famous French mathematician of 17th century, proves that gambling might be not so much a purpose as means. It can be an excellent exercise for mind, as in case with Pascal and another French mathematician – Fermat, who invented calculations, now known to us as theory of probabilities.

“Theory of probabilities was created when Pascal and Fermat started playing gambling games”, stated one of their contemporaries.

These two scientists did sums on theory of probabilities by correspondence and the relevant material was obtained during their visits to the gambling house at leisure. Later this correspondence resulted in Pascal’s treatise, “completely new composition on accidental combinations which govern the gambling games”.

In his work Pascal almost completely casts out phantoms of luck and chance from gambling games, substituting them with cold statistic calculations based on the arithmetic mind. It’s difficult for us to imagine what riot the invention made among the gamblers. We treat theory of probabilities as something trivial, though only specialists are sound on its details, but everyone understands its main principle. But in the times of the French mathematician, the minds of all gamblers were absorbed with such notions as “divine intent”, “lap of Fortune” and other things that only enhance the obsession by the game adding extra mystical tones to the games. Pascal without any hesitation opposes his thesis to such attitude to the game “Fluctuations of happiness and luck subordinate to considerations based on fairness and which aim irrevocably to give every player what actually is owing to him”.

In Pascal’s hands mathematics became fabulous art of foreseeing. It is more than just amazing that unlike Galileo, the French scientist did not make numerous tiring experiments on multiple throwing dice that tool a great deal of time. In Pascal’s opinion, the unique feature of the art of mathematic consideration compared to the common statistics is that it obtains its results not from the experiments but is based on “mind foreseeing”, i.e. on intellectual definitions. As a result “preciseness of mathematics is combined with uncertainty of chance. Our method borrows its awkward name – “mathematics of chance” from this ambiguity”. Another curious name followed Pascal’s invention – “method of mathematical expectation”.

Staked money, wrote Pascal, no more belonged to gamester. However, losing nth sum of money, players also gain something in return, though most of them do not even guess it. In fact, it is something absolutely virtual, you cannot touch it neither put into your pocket and to notice it – the gambler should possess certain intellectual ability. We are talking about the acquired “right to expect regular gain a chance can give according to the initial terms – stakes”.

Somebody will say that it is not so encouraging. However seeming dryness of this formulation ceases when you just pay your attention to word combination “regular gain”. Expectation of gain turns out to be quite justified and fair. It’s another matter that a more hot-tempered person is more likely to pay his attention to the word “chance” and “can give” (and consequently it might also be otherwise).

Using his method of “mathematical expectation”, the French scientist thoroughly calculates particular values of “right for gain” depending on different initial terms. Thus a completely new definition of right appears in mathematics which differs from the similar definitions of law or ethics.

“Pascal’s triangle” or where theory of probabilities fails.
Pascal summed up the results of these experiments in the form of the so-called arithmetic triangle consisting of numerical numbers. If you can apply it, you can precisely foresee probability of different gains.

For common people “Pascal’s triangle” looked more like magic tables of kabbalists or like a mystic Buddhist mandala. Failure to understand the invention by the illiterate public in 17th century touched the rumour that “Pascal’s triangle” helped to forecast world catastrophes and natural disasters of the remote future. Indeed presentations of theory of probabilities in the form of graphic tables or figures and moreover proved by the real game caused almost religious sensations in uneducated gamblers.

Though we should not mix theory of probabilities with what it is not by its definition. “Pascal’s triangle” fails to foresee the future deal in one particular case. Eyeless destiny governs such things- and Pascal never debated it. Theory of probabilities becomes useful and can be applied only in relation to the long series of chances. Only in this case, number probabilities, series and progressions, constant and known in advance can influence the decision of a clever gambler in favor of a particular stake (card, lead, etc.)

Pascal’s invention is even more amazing if to take into account that its famous triangle was known to Muslim mathematician of certain religious orders many centuries ago. It is absolutely true that European Pascal could not obtain this information from anywhere.

All this once again proves that mathematical patterns of any process are the same regardless of time and space and whims of the so called Fortune. Awareness of this fact enraptured by Pythagoreans, philosophers who deeply and emotionally perceived it at that time.

One to thirty-five.
Pascal more and more often faced similar complications connected with the game that caused controversies in gambling houses and aristocratic mansions in France of that time. Among them there was a problem proposed to young Blaise by one of his aristocratic friends.

The problem concerned dice. It was desired to find how many series of throws is theoretically necessary so that the chances to win (two sixs) will dominate the probability of all other outcomes taken together. All this is not so difficult as a beginner may presume. It is easy to notice that in the game with two bones there are only 36 combinations of numbers and only one gives double six. After such explanation it is clear for any sensible person that with one-time throw there is only one chance to thirty-five to win.

The result of these simple calculations can cast down many fans of dice, but on the other hand, the rapture of those lucky ones throwing double six is staggering. Because they know the exact devil number of opposite outcomes that opposed their luck!

A website like judi online 167.114.87.240 will provide you with the highest quality in the industry.
Posted in Uncategorized | Comments Off

## Casino Games – Poker Intellectual Component – Part Three

Similar advantage can be also achieved in poker. To the position advantage in poker we can refer the factors of your position with relation to your opponents, the availability of varied membership and the number of opponents continuing the tournament, your aggression, the size of opponents’ stacks and so on. From all of the arts of poker the most important is the creation and realization of position advantage. Here it is as important as in chess.

The conclusion is that an intellectual analytic effort is present both in chess and in poker but they are not alike as the position advantage differs in quality.

The third type of an intellectual effort is connected with the analysis of the part of a game situation which is not connected with the game process itself. This type includes taking into account the psychological peculiarities of the duel.

Strictly speaking, this psychological element is not as widely used in chess, mainly because of the game information which is fully open to both opponents.

In poker the psychological element is very important indeed. It provides almost the half of success of the player. The restricted type of information in poker makes the players only deducing it and it can be done only by observing your opponent. And here you meet a great chance to misinform or manipulate him or create the psychological pressure upon him, and etc. We can name at least three aspects of a psychological element that are often used by experienced players.

Firstly, it is watching for the “signs” of an opponent and the “sings” that you send him. Secondly, one uses the continuous assessment of the psychological state of opponent. Thirdly, one may cause the psychological pressure upon the opponent in order to impose one’s will on him.

To summarize the aforesaid we can say that both games are intellectual fights but their profiles differ. From the three component of an intellectual effort – logical, analytical and psychological, the most important ones in chess are the first two while in poker the last two. But the analytical component dominates in both the games, which is quite understandable because these two games are intellectual.

And finally there is the last comparative observation. In chess, the role played by psychology, is far less important than the role of logic and analytics. Chess in this sense appears as the game of spirit. Irrespective of the state of mind the player must and can find the way to victory, with this way not depending on human feelings and emotions. Chess is the philosophy, the game of aristocrats of a soul.

In poker the role of psychology is more important especially in comparison with logic. The moral state of the opponent, their feelings and emotions not only influence the course of game but change the way to victory. In this sense poker is a game of plebeians, the battle of human passions.

Both, philosophers and plebeians, we are all human. Moreover, in our life in turns we become these and those. Both the games are beautiful, both are worth your attention under condition that your intellect needs a check in a battle with equal ones, in other words, under condition that you are a human being.

In America active poker is not older than 100 years. In this regard if we make analogy between chess and poker we need to compare modern poker with the 19th century chess. Those were difficult times for chess players. Outstanding chess talents, which have received the universal recognition in our times, had to spend sometimes all their energy to find supporters who would agree to pay for such expensive and not perspective event as the world chess match for the champion title! But the reality was sad, any seeker for the title had a possibility to call for the world champion after fulfillment of one obligatory condition: he had to pay prize money by himself, losing the great part of it in case of a failure. If the pretender would loose such match, the poverty was almost guaranteed for him. Many years had passed before chess became the honorable and respected thing and the tragic fates of losers became history.

Posted in Uncategorized | Comments Off

## Phoenix Visitors Can Add Vegas-Style Casino Gaming to List of Activities

Phoenix, Arizona visitors looking for great weather, manicured golf courses, gourmet restaurants and sublime shopping excursions can now indulge in Las Vegas-style gaming at the Valley of the Sun’s seven exciting casino locations.

Live blackjack and poker, the newest video slots, casino bingo, video poker and more are offered at Indian gaming venues surrounding Phoenix. Here are the locations and some information on each.

*Fort McDowell Casino – Located just north of Fountain Hills and Scottsdale, this casino adjoins the Radisson Fort McDowell Resort & Spa and the nationally-recognized We-Ko-Pa Golf Club. Home to more than 800 slot machines, live poker and blackjack, this location boasts the popular “Lucky 7 Saloon” with live entertainment several nights a week. Fort McDowell is also known for bringing in nationally-known music groups to perform on their outdoor stage.

*Casino Arizona – two locations in Scottsdale. — Casino Arizona at Salt River – McKellips Rd. and the Loop 101. More than 1,000 slot machines, 50+ blackjack tables, Keno and a showroom featuring the Vegas-style “Showstoppers Live” revue bring in locals and visitors alike. A highlight of the casino interior is its outstanding collection of Native American pottery and other art and artifacts.

*Casino Arizona at Talking Stick – Indian Bend Rd. and the Loop 101. This location features the Talking Stick Golf Club, 600+ slots machines, 42 blackjack tables, an expansive poker room and a “high limits” gaming area. Visitors can also enjoy their favorite sporting events on Arizona’s largest TV screens. A new 400+-room resort is slated to open on this site in 2010.

*Harrah’s Ak-Chin Casino & Resort – Located in Maricopa — about 45 minutes from Sky Harbor Airport — this casino is the only one in Arizona to be associated with a national gaming enterprise. Visitors here include members of Harrah’s popular Total Rewards Club(TM) player promotion club who can make reservations through the Harrah’s website. In addition to slot machines and video poker, this casino offers live poker, keno, bingo and more.

*Gila River Casinos – three locations near Chandler. — Wild Horse Pass Casino – Home to 875 slot machines, live poker, blackjack and keno, this destination also offers a 1500 seat high-stakes bingo room. Located just off the I-10 freeway, Wild Horse Pass is close to the popular Rawhide Western Town, the Sheraton Wild Horse Pass Resort and the Whirlwind Golf Club. A new “WHP” is currently under construction and should open in Fall of 2009.

*Vee Quiva – This casino offers a newly-remodeled poker room, 500-seat bingo hall and more than 675 slot machines. The smallest of the three casinos, Vee Quiva is located 15 miles south of the I-10 in Laveen, Arizona.

*Lone Butte Casino – Opening on November 20, 2008, the new \$60 million Lone Butte Casino will offer visitors a 120,000 square-foot gaming destination featuring 850 slot machines, poker, casino bingo and live blackjack with limits from \$5 — \$500. Located off the Loop 202 freeway at Kyrene Road, Lone Butte will be home to six restaurants plus the Cascades Lounge with live entertainment Thursday – Sunday.

Posted in Uncategorized | Comments Off

Most online gamblers download the free casino software on their computers but there are also casinos that can be played instantly in the browser without downloading any software.

After registering for the casinos with a user name and an email address the player can gamble online in the casino without downloading any software within minutes.
Some flash casinos even don’t require an email address if playing in fun player modus.

Like the download casinos do the flash versions also offer the greatest level of privacy and security through 128-bit digital encryption and 24/7 support via email and phone.

The no download casino games can also be played for real money.
Deposits and winnings can be transferred via credit card and several online funds transfer services.

Flash casinos don’t offer that much different games as the download versions do. Some casinos have more than 200 games to download. Flash casinos offer around 70 but this games convince with great graphics and state of the art digital sound.

And there’s a very good range of poular flash games to play like blackjack, roulette, sic bo, keno, craps, several video poker machines, slots and progressive games.

Posted in Uncategorized | Comments Off